History & Literary - John

The fourth evangelist, John, was one of the sons of Zebedee, a fishermen of Galilee,  the brother of James, one of the twelve apostles, and distinguished by the honorable appellation, “that disciple whom Jesus loved.” The ancients tell us that John lived the longest of all the apostles, and was the only one of them that died a natural death, all the rest suffering martyrdom; and some of them say that he wrote this Gospel. Ephesus, at the request of the ministers of the several churches of Asia, in order to combat certain heresies. It seems most probable that he composed it before his banishment into the isle of Patmos, for there he wrote his Revelation, the close of which seems designed for the closing up of the canon of scripture; in which case this Gospel could not have been written after. It is clear that he wrote the last of the four Evangelists, and, comparing his Gospel with theirs, we may observe that he relates what they had omitted, and thus gleans up what they had passed by.