History & Literary - Leviticus

The third book of Moses is called Leviticus, because it contains the laws which God commanded should be observed by those of the tribe of Levi who ministered at the altar. It treats at large of all the functions of the functions of the Levites; of the ceremonial of religion; of the different sorts of sacrifices; of the distinction of clean and unclean beasts; of the different festivals; and of the year of jubilee or continued holyday. It likewise presents us with an account of what happened to the Jews during the space of one month and a half; that is, from the time the tabernacle was erected, which was the first day of the first month of the second year after the Israelites came out of Egypt, till the second month of the same year, when God commanded the people to be numbered. The Hebrews called this book Vayicre, that is, “And he called,” these being the first words; they call it also The Law of the Priests.