History & Literary - 1 & 2 Chronicles

The name of Paralipomena, which in Greek signifies the “history of things omitted,” is given to the two books which follow those of The Kings. These form, in fact, a supplement, containing what had been omitted in the Pentateuch, and the books of Joshua, Judges, and Kings, or rather they contain a fuller description of some things which had been therein only briefly related. Some give them the name of Chronicles, because they are very exact in mentioning the time when every transaction happened. We divide them into two books, as do also the Jews, who call them Dibere Hayanim, that is, an “historical journal,” the matters of which they treat having been taken from the journals or the kings. In the original language, however, the word days often signifies the year; and, in this sense, we may understand the term to signify properly “annals.” The generally-received opinion is, that Ezra was the writer of these. In the first book, he begins with a succinct historical abridgment, from the creation of Adam to the return of the Jews from their captivity; and then he resumes the history of David, and carries it on to the consecration of Solomon, that is, down to the year before Christ 1015. The history contained in the second book reaches down to the year before Christ 536, when, upon the expiration of the seventy years of captivity, Cyrus gave the Jews leave to return to their own country.

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