Bear

Christ bore our sins on the Cross, and bears the iniquity of our holy things.

1. Personally, when anyone sinned he was liable to bear the consequence of his act, whether he knew his sin or not. “If a soul sin... though he wist it not, yet is he guilty, and shall bear his iniquity” (Lev_5:17).

2. Substitutionary, atonement for sin was only made by the shedding of blood. The blood of the bullock and the goat on the great day of atonement was specifically to “make an atonement. “No less than sixteen times does the verb occur in Leviticus 16 After the blood of the goat had been shed, by a priestly act of transference, he is said to place the sins of the children of Israel “upon the head of the live goat,” and he shall “bear upon him all their iniquities” (Lev_16:21-22).

3. Representatively, Aaron being the representative of Israel, he appeared before the Lord to act for them, and wore the priestly garments that he might “bear the iniquity” of their holy things (Exo_28:12, Exo_28:29-30, Exo_28:38).

4. Typically, the sin-offering was essentially “to bear the iniquity of the congregation, to make atonement for them before the Lord” (Lev_10:17). This was its counterpart in John’s message about the Lamb of God, who “taketh” (beareth) away the sin of the world.

5. Prophetically, in the unfolding of the Spirit’s utterance, Christ is said to have “borne our grief,” and to “bear the sin of many” (Isa_53:4, Isa_53:12).

6. Dogmatically, the Holy Spirit declares that Christ was “manifested to take away our sins” (1Jn_3:5). The meaning of “take away” is to bear by taking up the load upon one’s self, and thus to take away the load of guilt resting upon others.

7. Practically, the sins and their consequence are removed for the believer, for it was for “our sins” He was manifested; and now we are dead to the sins that put out Lord to death—1Pe_2:24.