1 Samuel

Outline of First Samuel

The Establishment of the Monarchy

I. From the Birth of Samuel to the Anointing of Saul, I Samuel 1-8
1. Hannah’s Prayer and Its Answer, 1Sa_1:1-28
 2. Samuel’s Consecration to Jehovah, 1Sa_2:1-21
 3. The Evil Conduct of Eli’s Sons, 1Sa_2:22-36
 4. Their Punishment Revealed to Samuel, 1Sa_3:1-21
 5. The Death of Eli and His Sons; the Capture of the Ark, 1Sa_4:1-22
 6. The Sojourn of the Ark in Philistia, 1Sa_5:1-12
 7. The Return of the Ark to Israel, 1Sa_6:1-21; 1Sa_7:1-17
 8. The Demand for a King, 1Sa_8:1-22
II. From the Anointing of Saul to the Anointing of David, I Samuel 9-15
1. The Meeting of Saul and Samuel, 1Sa_9:1-27
 2. Samuel Anoints Saul King of Israel, 1Sa_10:1-16
 3. Saul Proclaimed King by the People, 1Sa_10:17-27
 4. Saul Rescues Jabesh-gilead from the Ammonites, 1Sa_11:1-15
 5. Samuel’s Farewell Address, 1Sa_12:1-25
 6. Saul’s Wars with the Philistines, 1Sa_13:1-23; 1Sa_14:1-52
 7. Saul’s Failure to Destroy the Amalekites, His Rejection, 1Sa_15:1-35
III. From the Anointing of David to the Death of Saul, I Samuel 16-31
1. Samuel Anoints David to Succeed Saul, 1Sa_16:1-23
 2. David’s Victory over Goliath, 1Sa_17:1-58
 3. The Friendship of David and Jonathan, 1Sa_18:1-30; 1Sa_19:1-24; 1Sa_20:1-42
 4. Saul Pursues David to Slay Him, I Samuel 21-26
5. David Goes over to the Philistines, 1Sa_27:1-12
 6. Saul Consults the Witch of Endor, 1Sa_28:1-25
 7. David Withdraws from Philistia and Conquers the Amalekites, 1Sa_29:1-11; 1Sa_30:1-31
 8. Saul’s Last Stand against the Philistines, 1Sa_31:1-13


The two books of Samuel were originally one in Hebrew. The division was first made where the Old Testament was translated into Greek, the amount of space required by that language making it impracticable to write the entire book upon a single roll.
The authorship of these books cannot be determined, but there is abundant evidence that they embody the report of eye-witnesses. Some of the more prominent characters in the scenes described are name as writers in 1Ch_29:29.
 The First Book of Samuel records the rise of a new political and spiritual order represented by the kings and the prophets. The establishment of the monarchy, with Saul as the first king, is an epochal event in the development of Israel’s national life.
Of no less importance is the appearance of the “schools of the prophets” under the leadership of Samuel. In these institutions we see the beginning of the movement which made Israel spiritually supreme among the nations.