1 Kings

Outline of First Kings

National Development under the Monarchy

I. The United Kingdom, I Kings 1-11
1. The Rebellion of Adonijah and the Coronation of Solomon, 1Ki_1:1-53
 2. Solomon’s Establishment in Power Wealth and Wisdom, 1Ki_2:1-46; 1Ki_3:1-28; 1Ki_4:1-34
 3. The Building and Dedication of the Temple, 1Ki_5:1-18; 1Ki_6:1-38; 1Ki_7:1-51; 1Ki_8:1-66; 1Ki_9:1-25
 4. Solomon’s Commerce; Visit of the Queen of Sheba, 1Ki_9:26-28; 1Ki_10:1-20
 5. Solomon’s Polygamy, Apostasy and Death, 1Ki_11:1-43
II. The Divided Kingdom, I Kings 12-22
1. Rehoboam Alienates the Ten Tribes, Who Choose Jeroboam, 1Ki_12:1-24
 2. The Reign of Jeroboam, I Kings 12:25-14:20
3. The Reign of Rehoboam, 1Ki_14:21-31
 4. The Reigns of Nadab, Baasha, Elah, Zimri and Omri in Israel; and the Reigns of Abijam and Asa in Judah, 1Ki_15:1-34; 1Ki_16:1-28
 5. The Reigns of Ahab and Jehoshaphat and the Work of Elijah, I Kings 16:29-22:50
(1) The Season of Drought, 1Ki_17:1-24; 1Ki_18:1-16
 (2) The Contest on Mount Carmel, 1Ki_18:17-46
 (3) The Revelation to Mount Sinai, 1Ki_19:1-18
 (4) The Call of Elisha, 1Ki_19:19-21
 (5) The Doom of Ahab, 1Ki_20:1-43; 1Ki_21:1-29; 1Ki_22:1-40
 (6) Summary of Jehoshaphat’s Reign, 1Ki_22:41-50


Originally Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles were regarded as one series, and called the Books of Kings. In the Septuagint (the Greek version of the Old Testament, made during the period between the Testaments), each of these books was divided into two parts; and what we term First Kings was called the Third Book of Kings.
It is impossible to fix accurately either the date when this book was compiled, or the name of the writer. From the fact that the last chapter of II Kings records the release of Jehoiachin from captivity, which took place b.c. 562, but makes no mention of the decree of Cyrus, b.c. 538, with which the return of the Jews from captivity began, it is concluded that the book was compiled sometime between these dates.
The sources from which the compiler drew were three: the Book of the Acts of Solomon, 1Ki_11:41; the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah, 1Ki_14:29, etc.; and the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel, 1Ki_14:19. The Chronicles here referred to are not the books called Chronicles in the Bible, but separate works which are now lost.
The history of the nation is recorded from the close of the reign of David to the middle of the reign of Ahaziah. In its highest glory under Solomon, the kingdom foreshadows the millennial kingdom of our Lord. The prosperity of the nation rises or falls according to the character of the ruler and his people, illustrating for us the important truth that obedience is the condition of blessing.